Philip Glass born January 31,  is an American composer and pianist. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential composers of the late 20th century. Glass founded the Philip Glass Ensemble , with which he still performs on keyboards. He has written numerous operas and musical theatre works, twelve symphonies , eleven concertos , eight string quartets and various other chamber music , and film scores. Three of his film scores have been nominated for Academy Awards. Glass developed his appreciation of music from his father, discovering later his father's side of the family had many musicians.
The Atlantic Crossword
At age 12, Philip Glass started working in a Baltimore record store owned by a man he called Ben. Of course everyone still knew who they were. He took flute lessons; his brother studied the piano. Now 81 years old, Glass is one of the most lauded composers of the 20th century. Lolade Fadulu: You got into music because of your father, but did you ever consider becoming a librarian like your mother? Philip Glass: My mother was a teacher and a librarian, and I definitely was not going to become a librarian. I was very interested in everything that my father did. That was just the way it turned out for me. My mother, on the other hand, she encouraged my brother Marty, and Sheppie, my sister, so we all were given music lessons when we were young.
Glass studied flute as a boy and enrolled at age 15 at the University of Chicago , where he studied mathematics and philosophy and graduated in His interest in atonal music drew him on to study composition at the Juilliard School of Music M. Instead he began creating ensemble pieces in a monotonous and repetitive style; these works consisted of a series of syncopated rhythms ingeniously contracted or extended within a stable diatonic structure. Such minimalist music, played by a small ensemble using electronically amplified keyboard and wind instruments , earned Glass a small but enthusiastic following in New York City by the late s.
Known for his distinctive contemporary minimalism, Glass has worked with artists from a variety of disciplines. Philip Glass was born on January 31, , in Baltimore. He took up the violin and flute and began performing before reaching his teens. Glass eventually decided to travel to Europe, studying under conductor Nadia Boulanger and sitar musician Ravi Shankar, whom Glass cited as a major influence on his craft. Glass adopted an approach to musical composition that relied on repetitive, sometimes subtly nuanced musical structures that would be seen as a cornerstone of contemporary minimalism. He formed the electric Philip Glass Ensemble in , an avant-garde group that would continue to earn buzz over the years, if not universal acclaim.